Basically, art history is focused on the visual arts: architecture, painting, sculpture and techniques as: collage, stained-glass, mosaics, pottery, between others. To understand the qualities of an object it is important to recognize the elements contained in a piece and the principles that the artist could follow to organize those elements.
Style is considered as the combination of form and composition (elements and principles) that makes a work distinctive. According to Stokstad (2007) the most commonly used terms to discuss artistic styles include:
- Period style. Referes to the carachteristics that distinguish a particular historical era.
- Regional style. Refers to stylistic traits that persist in a geographic region.
- Representational styles: are those that create recognizable subject matter. Realism, naturalism, abstract, linear and painterly are kind of representational styles.
- Realism and naturalism: describe the artist´s attempt to describe the observable world. Realism tries to be really accurate while naturalism implies a part of subject matter.
- Abstract: The artist starts from a realistic or natural objects and simplifies it capturing the essence of a form.
- Linear: in this style the artists uses line as the primary means of definition and modeling (creating of a 3D illusion).
- Painterly: describes a style of painting in which vigorous, evident brushstrokes dominate and shadows and highlights are brushed freely.
Lecture: Arguing Art
After looking at both videos and reading the information, please add your post, talking about which elements and principles you consider as more relevant to create a masterpiece, and which ones you think will be less important than the others.