Paleochristian art is located in High Middle Ages. It is a period that started in times of the Roman Empire and lasted until the entire empire fell down. That is, we can divide Palochristianity in two periods: one before the Roman Empire was still powerful and the second after the falling of the Occidental Roman Empire.
Christianity emerged in Roman Judea in the 1st Century A.D. In the beginning Christians were not seen as a threaten. It was until Nero became emperor when he heard the rumors that came from Judea and started spreading inside Rome itself. In fact, After the Great Fire on Rome, Nero blamed the Christians to be guilty of makin such a big disaster. This took place in 64 A.D. so as you know, according to the Bible, Jesus Christ was crucified aroun 33 A.D. These mean that by this time some of the apostles, followers of Jesus Christ, moved directly to Rome, the center of the Roman Empire and began transmitting Jesus Christ´s message. After this point, christians lived inside a kindom of terror. They wer prosecuted all over the Empire. This is the origin of the Paleochristian art, a way to transmit God´s message in a secret way, so they had to creat an iconography a sign that stands for an object that represents it either concretely or usig analogies that are familiar for a culture).
Check up for the meaning of the paleochristian icons:
- Christ anagram
- Good shepherd
- Alpha and Omega
Finally, tell me who influenced them to create those kind of icons? Search for references about this and add the source.