domingo, 14 de octubre de 2012

Baroque - Las Meninas

Diego Velazquez was born in Seville in the country of Spain. When he was about thirteen years old he was apprenticed to a painter, Francisco Herrera, but the man was such a tyrant Diego only stayed with him for a year. He next went as an apprentice to Francisco Pacheco who was very kind and helpful to him. He worked for him five years, then married Pacheco's daughter, Juana, who gave him two daughters.

With his family and his father-in-law, Pacheco, he visited Madrid where he was asked to paint the portrait of King Philip IV of Spain who was 18 years old. The Spanish king was so pleased, he asked Velazquez to move to Madrid with his family and work exclusively for the royal family. He was the favorite of the king's four painters. For the next forty years he and his family lived with the king. Even his mother and father lived with them. He painted at least 20 pictures of the king in all kinds of clothing.

The king had a chair in the artist's studio so he could sit and watch him paint. Velazquez used a long-handled brush so he could see how his brush strokes looked from a distance away from the canvas.

Our featured work in this lesson has been named Las Meninas. The "meninas" were the young daughters of noblemen's families who waited on the young princess who was called an "infanta". The young girl is serving the princess something in a cup. The artist with the brush in his hand is, of course, Velazquez. His special clothing shows he is a knight. If you look at the reflection in the mirror, you can see the king and queen who are apparently posing while the artist paints their picture.

Las Meninas really has two subjects. One is the subject the artist is painting and then we also see the main characters in the room.
He painted several pictures of dwarfs such as the figures you see at the right of the picture. These were the court jesters who entertained the king and his family.
Velazquez also was in charge of buying things for the royal family. He bought art work and furniture. He was in charge of planning and decorating for social events. He helped the king keep the household running smoothly. The king was so appreciative he made him a Knight of the Order of Santiago. This was a very high honor for a nobleman in Spain.

Velazquez also worked with topics as still-lives, portrait and religious paintings. So, I want you to search for a painting of Diego Velázquez about any of these topics and add a five lines´paragraph in which you can explain what you think is the connotative message of the painting. Be sure to add the image and basic information of the painting.

35 comentarios:

  1. Este comentario ha sido eliminado por el autor.

  2. The artist created his own image of the goddess Venus, but the idea and present it back recline, with Cupid holding the mirror comes from Titian.
    Instead of showing strong contrasts of light and shade and develop detailed faithfully the surface texture of objects to create an illusion of reality, Velázquez come here to paint what the eye actually sees.

  3. christ in maria and marta´s house

    The background scene is taken from Luke and is intended as a picture within a picture, or perhaps as a reflection in a mirror, but it is more likely to be a scene that takes place in an adjoining room, seen through an opening in the wall.

  4. Las Hilanderas

    The Spinners was played for a long time as genre picture, simple vision of a workshop on the actual upholstery factory where women work in a room and outside is the store where customers arrive.

  5. Diego Velázquez: The painting that I chosed was "Las Hilanderas" This painting is on the museum of Prado in Madrid It was painted around 1657 The tecnique is oleo and canvas and it was painted for Pedro de Arce
    I think that this painting represent the hard work of the spinners that were in that time and he wanted to represent in what conditions they worked and also the difference between the poor people that are the spinners and the rich people that are behind the spinners that when the spinners worked a lot the rich people were having fun.
    This is the image and the bibliography:

  6. Diego Velázquez
    "La Venus del espejo" 1650
    Oil on canvas
    We can find this painting in the National Gallery of London.
    I have choose this painting because for me the connotative message in this painting is that the woman that appears was a little bit selfish, because of the mirror and she wanted to be perfect for someone, her skin looks like really soft, the angel that has the mirror thinks she looks perfect beacuse of the way he looks her.,r:6,s:0,i:84


    I think that Diego velazquez with this painting try to send us a very important message with the warrior that is in the painting, when i see this person, this person showed me authotity with his horse and it shows power.

  8. Well, I think that the "La fábula de Aracne", was situated in like a costum place, we can say,well, I feel, in this painting, like, I don´t konw, like desesperation, like if all the work that was realizing in the painting has to be do very fast. Of this painting, we konow that Diego Velázquez do this, for Pedro de Arce, a man of the court of the king of spain.
    This is the link of the painting:


    Christ contemplated by the christian soul
    In this painting we can see that Christ is tied to the column and he is suffering, but I think that the main purpose of this painting is to show that the the angel is taking care of him, to show that the angels are all the time with us.


    "San Juan Evangelista en la Isla de Patmos" is a piece of art painted by the artist Diego de Velazquez in 1618, which nowadays is on the National Gallery. In this painting is represented the exiliation of San Juan Evangelista to the Patmos Island; in the character expression you can understand like he is having a revelation which is being writen on the scriptures he has on his hand.

    "La adoracion de los reyes magos"
    This painting have a religious theme, we can see virgi Mary with baby jesus in her arms and the wize men around her giving presents to baby jesus, in the background we can see a rising sun.we can found this painting in Museo del Prado. This painting is oil in canvas and have alot of dark shadows with very contrast parts of light.

  12. La Venus del espejo
    Diego Velázquez
    Oil on canvas
    The picture with the name of "La venus del espejo" is found in national gallery of London.
    In the picture we can see a naked woman watching himself in the mirror, with an angel taking the mirror for the woman,
    I choose this picture because I think that the message of Diego Velazquez is like showing how much perfect is the woman, the angel is like surprise of the perfection of the woman.


    This painting has a religious theme, in this painting we can see a nun standing with a crusifix, this might represent the love of god and his protection for the people that worships him and the religion, we als seee a mesage written in latin that just guessing might represent a message from the bible or to the nun herself, this paintings as many in that time just represents one thing, "the love of god.

    Artist: Diego Velázquez
    Year: 1619
    Type: Oil on canvas
    Dimensions: 204 cm × 126.5 cm
    Location: Museo del Prado, Madrid

    The adoration of the magi, this painting has a religious theme, the Virgin Mary has Jesus in the legs and the three magi are watching Jesus, I think this painting reflects a great peace, tranquility, love, the happiness of the three Magi and Jesus and the admiration with the Magi to Jesus.

    Pedro Atilano Hdez. A01169905

  15. food rogues is one of the paintings of diego velasco this painting represented how rogueses where in there age ore in their period you can si that in the painting it is darker alsow they sem to be arguing of somthing important that afected in that age alsow they seem to have some kind of religion .
    Sebastian Arana Quintana


    The painting that I choose its "The Pope Inocnet X". In this painting the pope really posed for Diego Velazquez, because he knew that Velazquez was a exelent artist. I this painting Velazquez want to say with the paint that the pope was an extraordinary man and with a great capacity for work and a hot and violent temper.In the painting he wears a white liturgical and a red cape what emphasizes a lot.

    Christ in the House of Martha and Mary
    these is a pinting of diego de velásquez is a still alive painting is a history form de second testament it is made with oil and canvas iws religious topic we can see the very good perspective of Velásquez beacuse in the back we can see another portrait of jesus listening to mary's prayers


    "La Coronación de la Virgen".
    May be he was asked to painted it. The painting is foccused in Virgin Mary. He wanted to show like the beauty of The Virgin. I think he try to painted her looking like in a soft way, showing like the kindness of her and her peace.


    El príncipe Baltasar Carlos, cazador

    Is a portrait of the son of Felipe IV and Isabel de Borbón. Represent that the hunting it's a very important training for the monarcas.

  20. La adoración de los Reyes Magos
    Lienzo. 2,03 x 1,25
    Museo del Prado, Madrid

    this paint is famous and common cause is part of the history of the holidays and everybody know the history, here you can se the impresion to see the new king. and with maria and ose you can see not at all but you can see the emotions in their faces.

    axel reyes


    La Venus del espejo
    Hacia 1649 - 1651
    Lienzo. 1,22 x 1,77
    National Gallery, Londres.

    I think Diego wanted to represent the reality because Venus never was represented in the intimidate and this is part of it and showing her face in the mirror. And cupid is caring the mirror.
    You can observe how it symbolizes the love stays with beauty, love, truth and vanity i think it is a way to represent the mythology because of the god and the reality of showing a women naked.

    At breakfast, kept in the Hermitage Museum, the artist shows us two cheerful young people have apparently invited to an old man, perhaps a vagrant.

    Velázquez highlights the gesticulating young, full of life and courage, whose attitude contrasts with that of some still and quiet old man who, while listening to the youth talk, shows signs of having great experience. The comparison between youth and age is made of a delicate and tactful.

  23. The breakfast , 1618
    Lienzo. 1,07 x 1,01
    Museum of the Hermitage, San Petersburgo.

  24. Velazquez is expressing the social order, placing a character of plebeian origin, a servant of the court of an absolute monarch, in the locker attributes correspond exclusively to the privileged classes and, more specifically to the royalty. There is a critical, lucid and autonomous painter that its main topic is the social organization of Habsburg Spain.

  25. El bufón D. Diego de Acedo, "El Primo"

    MARÌA JOSÈ GARCÌA- A01370363.

  26. Diego Velázquez: "El triunfo de Baco"
    I think that the people represented or painted are like celebrating some victory of Baco and I deduce that Baco is the one that has the of crown of leaves and the man that is putting him the crown is jealous. I realized that the people that is at the left of the painting represent the antique period and the ones that are at the right represent the modern period.


  28. "Garden of the Villa Medici" by Diego Velázquezázquez_-_Villa_Medici,_Grotto-Loggia_Façade_-_WGA24381.jpg

    Year: 1634
    Type: Oil in Canvas
    Dimensions: 48cm x 42cm

    This painting was made by Diego Velázquez, no one know when he painted. Some people think that he painted during his first trip to Italy that was during the 1629 to 1631; other people think that was during his second trip (1649 to 1651). In the painting we can see an arc that is blocked and in the background a forest. What I thought of this painting is that Diego Velázquez wanted to let us know that the forest is a place of knowledge and were kind of blocking it.

  29. Diego Velazquez, Infanta Margarita

    Artist Diego Velázquez
    Year 1659
    Type Oil on canvas
    Dimensions 127 cm × 107 cm (50 in × 42 in)
    Location Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna

    Infanta Margarita Teresa in a Blue Dress is a one of the best known portraits by Spanish painter Diego Velázquez. It was done in oil on canvas, and measures 127 cm high by 107 cm wide. It was one of his last paintings, produced in 1659, a year before his death. It shows Margaret Theresa of Spain, who also appears in the artist's Las Meninas. Currently, the painting is in the Kunsthistorisches Museum.
    This is one of the several court portraits made by Velázquez, who, in different occasions portrayed Infanta Margaret Theresa, who married at fifteen her uncle, Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor. She's the little infanta who appears in Las Meninas (1656). These paintings show her in different stages of her childhood, and they were sent to Vienna to inform Leopold how her young fiancée looked like.
    The Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna has other two outstanding paintings by Velázquez: Infanta Maria Teresa and Prince Philip Prospero. However, this portrait of Infanta Margarita is possibly the best of the three.
    In this painting, Velázquez used the technique loose brushstrokes that fuse into coherence only when viewed from a certain distance. The infanta, here eight years old, is shown with a solemn expression. She wears a blue silk dress, adorned with silver borders after the Spanish fashion of the era; the most striking characteristic is the huge expanse of the voluminous crinoline, which is accentuated by the trimmed borders and the wide lace collar. In one of her hands she holds a brown fur muff, perhaps a present from Vienna. The young girl, who is presented as pretty and appealing, has a pale countenance which is enhanced by the blue and silver tones. In the background there is a high console table with a round mirror behind it.


    This painting is named "el triunfo de baco" but it is also known as "los borrachos". This painting represents diego's velazquez teenage life and the fun he used to have. IN the painting you can see some people having fun and celebrating something with joy.

    the painting that i choose is Christ crucified and i choose it because is one of the most famous paintings of Velazquez, this painting was painted around 1632 and now at days is in Museo del Prado, Madrid. and the technique is oil on canvas, and one of the principal reason that i choose it was because i can imagine that the message was that christ die to save us but even he die he is like with calm and it make you get to a reflexion.

    Antonio Fernandez

  32. la rendicion de breda:
    Velzaquez tried to put the friendship in this image because , the painting is in a war but the liders of the ones that are gonna fight, is talking about i dont know what but they are making friendship.


    I choose "Christ in the house of Martha and Mary" The picture combine three genres:the still life, the domestic portrait, and the religious painting in a single image. The picture contrasts two different spaces:the kitchen and the background in the dining room he links them to the Biblical story of the two sisters Martha and Mary. Martha busily preparing the meal, while her sister, Mary, sat at Jesus’s feet and listened to his word.

  34. Rodrigo Diaz Calderon

    I choose this painting because, he painted this image on a trip to italy and also because many people and artist consider that it was th finest painting he ever created, it was awsome.
    Its type was oil in canvas and this image was painted in 1650 and nowadays it is on a gallery of art in rome . This image show us how were the things in that period and also we could see the clothes and culture in that time long ago.